Desert

Desert
   1) Heb. midbar, "pasture-ground;" an open tract for pasturage; a common (Joel 2:22). The "backside of the desert" (Ex. 3:1) is the west of the desert, the region behind a man, as the east is the region in front. The same Hebrew word is rendered "wildernes," and is used of the country lying between Egypt and Palestine (Gen. 21:14, 21; Ex. 4:27; 19:2; Josh. 1:4), the wilderness of the wanderings. It was a grazing tract, where the flocks and herds of the Israelites found pasturage during the whole of their journey to the Promised Land.
   The same Hebrew word is used also to denote the wilderness of Arabia, which in winter and early spring supplies good pasturage to the flocks of the nomad tribes than roam over it (1 Kings 9:18).
   The wilderness of Judah is the mountainous region along the western shore of the Dead Sea, where David fed his father's flocks (1 Sam. 17:28; 26:2). Thus in both of these instances the word denotes a country without settled inhabitants and without streams of water, but having good pasturage for cattle; a country of wandering tribes, as distinguished from that of a settled people (Isa. 35:1; 50:2; Jer. 4:11). Such, also, is the meaning of the word "wilderness" in Matt. 3:3; 15:33; Luke 15:4.
   2) The translation of the Hebrew Aribah', "an arid tract" (Isa. 35:1, 6; 40:3; 41:19; 51:3, etc.). The name Arabah is specially applied to the deep valley of the Jordan (the Ghor of the Arabs), which extends from the lake of Tiberias to the Elanitic gulf. While midbar denotes properly a pastoral region, arabah denotes a wilderness. It is also translated "plains;" as "the plains of Jericho" (Josh. 5:10; 2 Kings 25:5), "the plains of Moab" (Num. 22:1; Deut. 34:1, 8), "the plains of the wilderness" (2 Sam. 17:16).
   3) In the Revised Version of Num. 21:20 the Hebrew word jeshimon is properly rendered "desert," meaning the waste tracts on both shores of the Dead Sea. This word is also rendered "desert" in Ps. 78:40; 106:14; Isa. 43:19, 20. It denotes a greater extent of uncultivated country than the other words so rendered. It is especially applied to the desert of the peninsula of Arabia (Num. 21:20; 23:28), the most terrible of all the deserts with which the Israelites were acquainted. It is called "the desert" in Ex. 23:31; Deut. 11:24. (See Jeshimon.)
   4) A dry place; hence a desolation (Ps. 9:6), desolate (Lev. 26:34); the rendering of the Hebrew word horbah'. It is rendered "desert" only in Ps. 102:6, Isa. 48:21, and Ezek. 13:4, where it means the wilderness of Sinai.
   5) This word is the symbol of the Jewish church when they had forsaken God (Isa. 40:3). Nations destitute of the knowledge of God are called a "wilderness" (32:15, midbar). It is a symbol of temptation, solitude, and persecution (Isa. 27:10, midbar_; 33:9, _arabah).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Desert — Désert Pour les articles homonymes, voir Désert (homonymie). Vallée de la mort (en Californie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • désert — désert, erte 1. (dé zêr, dé zèr t ) adj. 1°   Qui est sauvage et sans habitants. Une campagne déserte. île déserte. •   C est un instinct commun à tous les êtres sensibles et souffrants de se réfugier dans les lieux les plus sauvages et les plus… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • deşert — DEŞÉRT, ÁRTĂ, (1) deşerţi, arte, adj., (II) deşerturi, s.n. I. adj. 1. Care nu conţine nimic în interior; gol. 2. (Despre terenuri, ţări, regiuni) Lipsit de vietăţi şi de vegetaţie; pustiu. ♦ Nelocuit, nepopulat. 3. fig. Lipsit de temei; amăgitor …   Dicționar Român

  • Desert — Des ert, a. [Cf. L. desertus, p. p. of deserere, and F. d[ e]sert. See 2d {Desert}.] Of or pertaining to a desert; forsaken; without life or cultivation; unproductive; waste; barren; wild; desolate; solitary; as, they landed on a desert island.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • désert — DÉSERT, ERTE. adj. Inhabité, ou qui n est guère fréquenté. Lieu désert. Ville déserte. Campagne déserte. [b]f♛/b] On dit au Palais, qu Un appel est désert, Quand celui qui l a interjeté, ne l a pas relevé par lettres dans les trois mois. [b]f♛/b] …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Desert — Des ert (d[e^]z [ e]rt), n. [F. d[ e]sert, L. desertum, from desertus solitary, desert, pp. of deserere to desert; de + serere to join together. See {Series}.] 1. A deserted or forsaken region; a barren tract incapable of supporting population,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Desert — De*sert (d[ e]*z[ e]rt ), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Deserted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Deserting}.] [Cf. L. desertus, p. p. of deserere to desert, F. d[ e]serter. See 2d {Desert}.] 1. To leave (especially something which one should stay by and support); to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Désert — (franz. für Wüste) ist der Name folgender Personen: Alex Désert (* 1968), US amerikanischer Schauspieler, Musiker und Synchronsprecher Claire Désert (* 1967), französische Pianistin Solen Désert Mariller (* 1982), französischer Kurzstreckenläufer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • desert — DESERT, [des]erte. adj. Inhabité, qui n est guere frequenté. Lieu desert. ville deserte. campagne deserte. l Arabie deserte. Il est aussi substantif, & signifie un lieu desert. Desert sauvage. desert effroyable. les deserts de l Arabie. les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • desert — DESÉRT, deserturi, s.n. Fel de mâncare, de obicei dulciuri, fructe, brânzeturi etc., care se serveşte la sfârşitul mesei; timpul când se serveşte această mâncare. – Din fr. dessert. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 12.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  desért s. n …   Dicționar Român

  • desert — Ⅰ. desert [1] ► VERB 1) leave without help or support; abandon. 2) leave (a place), causing it to appear empty. 3) illegally run away from military service. DERIVATIVES desertion noun. ORIGIN Latin desert …   English terms dictionary

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